Examinations Required for Science Job Degrees

Depending on the kinds of science jobs you wish to pursue - both the field and the environment you wish to work in (academia, industry, government) - different education levels may be required. To conduct independent research, a doctorate degree is generally needed. After completing a bachelor's degree, you would take the GRE examination before applying to your graduate school of choice and then defend your dissertation thesis to obtain a PhD degree. A high score on the GRE is very important to be accepted to the best graduate schools. Bachelor's degrees are sufficient for most technician jobs as well as many computer science and engineering jobs, although a master's degrees can also be helpful.

To qualify for work in specific fields, a variety of tests can be taken to obtain a license. Some of these include engineering, statistics, agriculture, and pharmacy sciences. For example, in the U.S. engineers can obtain a license from a state or the federal government. The testing to obtain this license ensures that the applicant possesses the required technical knowledge, as well as real-world experience and the knowledge of local practice standards. Beginning positions in industrial research often require a master's degree combined with several years of experience.

A master's degree in statistics or mathematics is usually the minimal educational requirement for most statistician jobs. Research and academic positions usually require a PhD in statistics. Many colleges and universities offer degree programs in statistics, biostatistics, or mathematics, while other schools also offer graduate-level courses in applied statistics for students majoring in biology, business, economics, education, engineering, psychology, and other fields. Acceptance into graduate statistics programs does not require an undergraduate degree in statistics, although good training in mathematics is essential.

To become an agricultural scientist, students must take courses such as chemistry, biology, and physics. For entry-level science jobs in agriculture, such as an inspecting or testing technician, a bachelor's degree is frequently required.

To work as a pharmacist, the applicant must earn a PharmD degree from an accredited college or school of pharmacy. Admission to a PharmD program requires at least 2 years of college level courses in mathematics, chemistry, biology, and physics, as well as courses in the humanities and social sciences. In addition, in the U.S., the North American Pharmacist Licensure Exam (NAPLEX) is required, and in some states, the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Exam (MPJE) which tests pharmacy law is necessary.