Mathematics / Statistics

One of the oldest and most widely applicable science jobs is mathematician. Mathematicians use mathematical theories and algorithms and the latest computer technology to analyze phenomena in fields ranging from business, to economics to engineering. Broadly, two career paths are available for those wishing to pursue mathematics - as a theoretical mathematician who develops new mathematical principles in an academic setting, or as an applied mathematician who applies mathematical models to solve practical problems in the social sciences, business, government, and other areas. For example, mathematicians may analyze and develop models to predict the most cost-effective manufacturing strategies for businesses or the most efficient airline routes between cities. These jobs require excellent computer skills, as complex mathematical modeling is done exclusively using computer technology.

Mathematics / Statistics

A subset of mathematicians uses mathematical models to analyze data and tease out a clear picture from large amounts of variables. As our ability to collect data improves, so does our need to analyze and interpret this data to generate an accurate picture of our world. Not surprisingly, this has led to a high demand for mathematicians who specialize in statistics with expertise in collecting and analyzing data and drawing practical conclusions from it. Statisticians contribute to a wide array of research across multiple fields, and many kinds of science jobs are available for those who pursue this career path. For example, statistical analysis is essential in such fields as medicine and environmental science, market research, public policy, and economics. In biomedical research, the efficacy of any new treatment or medication is confirmed by biostatisticians working with the medical team. Similarly, studies of the environment often require statistical analysis to reveal patterns and significance in the spread of pollution or the effect of human activities on the climate. Customer service industries rely on statisticians to help them develop methods of improving their goods and services while also improving efficiency. To guide both domestic and foreign policy, the governments need reliable data on such issues as unemployment, crime rates, and imports/exports. Government statistics agencies administer such surveys and analyze the data to guide policy. Finally, to help companies tailor their products and marketing to the consumer, market research companies use statistical analysis to better understand the demands of the consumer base and the future trends for both products and services.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of mathematicians and statisticians will continue to increase through 2018, driven in part by technological advances that require a workforce with knowledge of mathematics. The most common fields of employment for mathematicians include computer science and software development, physics, engineering, and operations research, as well as financial analysis and life sciences research.