Participating in the Latest Research

Participating in cutting-edge research can be intellectually and financially rewarding. While many science careers in research across multiple disciplines involve the use and development of new technologies, we will highlight two such areas: nanotechnology and application development for the cloud-based Internet.

Nanotechnology is the development and use of molecular structures smaller than 100 nanometers in applications as diverse as self-cleaning surfaces, faster electronic microprocessors, and in the future - various medical applications. Over the past thirty years, this has become a major research and manufacturing field. Cutting-edge research in this field aids the creation of stronger new materials and fabrics and more potent medicines which all have the potential to completely revolutionize the way we live. Given its great promise, it is not surprising that nanotechnology is one of the few research and development fields that are continuing to expand rapidly and to receive funding. Whether you have a primary interest in healthcare, engineering, or chemistry, this promising new field can provide room for an exciting future in research.

It is expected that in the next decade users will run software applications online, rather than installing them on their personal computers. In addition, remote server networks will likely be used to share and access information as the use of individual, personal computers for this purpose declines. This phenomenon, called cloud computing, will become more dominant, opening the door for advances led by computer scientists in any number of applications and services. The way we communicate, do business, and decide on our economic activities is already being changed by sites such as Facebook, services such as Twitter and YouTube, business sites such as eBay, and product rating sites like TripAdvisor and Yelp. In an era when most people will use Internet-based applications and applications run from portable smart phones, the cutting edge of innovation in this field will be in developing applications for smartphone vendors and companies that provide Internet-based or cloud applications, as well as security protocols for cloud computing.

Cutting-edge technologies are also being developed to help those who have lost their mobility or sight due to disease or accident. Chips implanted into the eye promise to help blind patients with specific conditions such as retinitis pigmentosa, choroideraemia, and age-related macular degeneration to see again. This technology uses artificial light-sensitive elements that replace the destroyed cells in a blind patient's retina. New technologies allow paralyzed individuals to perform such functions as moving a computer cursor, operating robotic arms or, in the future, even walking by using only their mind. By training both the brain and a computer attached to electrodes placed on the scalp to produce and decode specific brainwaves, respectively, new technologies may soon allow paralyzed patients to regain greater autonomy. Research in similar applications that use technology to replace missing biological functions can be a rewarding career option for those interested in healthcare and biology, and technological fields such as computer science and engineering can provide an opportunity to conduct cutting-edge research and help people live richer lives.