Types of Science Jobs

For those interested in working in the science field, many types of science jobs are available. Some of the fields in which one can work are described below.

Agricultural and animal scientists study farm crops and animals and develop improved methods of food production, both in improving quality, efficiency of production, and minimizing environmental impact. Biologists study living organisms at levels ranging from specific molecules to entire populations, as well as their relationships to the environment. Biological research can be basic - working in academia, or applied - working in industry to design new tools for health-care applications. Chemistry is a science central to multiple areas of research and industry, and science jobs in this field can range from performing academic research to working as a flavor developer for a food company. The healthcare industry has witnessed a steady growth. Careers as doctors and dentists, as well as other careers such as registered nurses, physical therapists, and EMTs are all great options for those interested in working in healthcare.

Mathematics and statistics use mathematical algorithms and the latest computer technology to contribute to a wide array of research in multiple fields; many kinds of science jobs are available for those who pursue this career path. For example, statistical analysis is essential in such fields as medicine and environmental science, market research, policy, and economics. Computer science degrees are a great asset in the 21st century. Multiple career paths are available in this field, from doing research and teaching in academia to working in hardware architecture, robotics, software development and engineering, web development, or computer networking and information technology systems. Space scientists work in science jobs involving the Earth's atmosphere and beyond. Some of these careers include astronauts, engineers who design rockets and satellites, and meteorologists. Many jobs are also available in the federal government or in teaching at schools or universities. Physicists' work ranges from researching entire galaxies to investigating the mysteries of subatomic particles and involves using laws of matter, energy, and motion to solve practical problems and develop new technological modalities. Some physicists conduct basic research while others work in applied science areas, for example in developing improved materials, medical equipment, and electronic devices. Using concepts developed by other scientists and mathematicians, engineers develop improved solutions to technical problems, translating scientific discoveries into commercial applications. Engineering jobs can involve designing and developing new products, as well as testing, production, and maintenance of existing products.